Temperomandibular Disorders

Friday, May 15, 2015

Temporomandibular disorders, or TMD, occur as a result of problems with the jaw, jaw joint and surrounding facial muscles. Dr. Edward Hill discusses TMD in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Temporomandibular disorders affect the jaw and the muscles you use to chew and open your mouth. It is sometimes incorrectly called TMJ, but this refers to only the jaw joint itself.

TMD can be caused by an injury to the jaw, head or neck. Grinding or clenching the teeth, jaw dislocation or fracture or other things that put stress on the jaw joint can cause TMD.

The most common symptom is pain around the jaw joint, especially when opening or closing the mouth. It is usually felt on only one side. Other symptoms can include limited jaw motion, and popping or clicking sounds when chewing or opening the mouth.

Keeping your jaw relaxed and avoiding excessive jaw movement, such as chewing gum, may help with the condition. Your doctor might prescribe medicines to reduce swelling or relax your muscles. Shots for the pain or a mouth guard to keep you from grinding your teeth at night are additional options. Most people do not need surgery.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.