Testicular Cancer

Thursday, January 28, 2010

Compared to other types of cancer, testicular cancer is rare. But it is the most common cancer in American males between the ages of 15 and 34. Fortunately, its also among the most treatable. Dr. Edward Hill discusses testicular cancer in the 60 Second Housecall.

Testicular cancer is cancer that starts in the testicles, the male reproductive glands located in the scrotum. It is the most common form of cancer in men between the ages of 15 and 35.

The exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown. Factors that may increase a mans risk for testicular cancer include abnormal testicle development, a family history of testicular cancer and history of undescended testicles.

Testicular cancer is one of the most treatable and curable cancers. The survival rate for men with early-stage seminoma, the least aggressive type of testicular cancer, is greater than 95 percent.

There may be no symptoms but when symptoms do occur they may include:

Discomfort or pain in the testicle, or a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum

Dull ache in the back or lower abdomen

Enlargement of a testicle or a change in the way it feels

Treatment depends on the type and stage of the tumor and can include radiation therapy, chemotherapy or surgical removal of the testicle. Self testicular examination should be encouraged for all men.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.