Torticollis

Monday, June 17, 2013

Torticollis means twisted neck, and if a child has this condition, her head will be tilted to one side while the chin is turned to the other side. Dr. Edward Hill discusses this condition in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Torticollis is a condition mostly found in infants and young children in which the muscles on one side of the neck become tight. Subsequently, the childs head usually remains tilted to the affected side. Its sometimes called wryneck. While it may look painful, it usually isnt.

Torticollis can be congenital or acquired. It is most commonly caused by prolonged abnormal positioning of the head. However, it can also be caused by muscle spasms, scars, inflammation of the adenoids and/or tonsils, disease of cervical vertebrae, or visual deficits.

Torticollis is closely associated with plagiocephaly, or flattening of the head. The incidence of torticollis has been on the rise for the past five years.

Treatment of torticollis can be difficult, especially if it is caused by abnormal positioning or plagiocephaly. Physical therapy is often utilized in treating this condition. Botox and positional equipment may also be utilized in the treatment of torticollis. Your physician can diagnose and prescribe a treatment approach that is best suited for your child.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.