Type 1 Diabetes

Monday, October 04, 2010

If you have a child who has been diagnosed with diabetes, youre not alone. Every year in the United States, 13,000 children are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, and more than 1 million children and adults deal with the disease every day.

In todays 60 Second Housecall, Dr. Edward Hill discusses type 1 diabetes.

Dr. Hill:

Type 1 diabetes is sometimes called juvenile diabetes, or insulin-dependent diabetes. It means that your body cant make insulin. Insulin helps your body use the sugar it makes from the food you eat. Your body uses this sugar for energy. We need insulin to live. Without insulin, your blood sugar level goes up, you get thirsty and you urinate a lot.

People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to get heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, high blood pressure, blindness, nerve damage and gum disease. These things happen two to four times more often in people with diabetes than in people without diabetes.

The good news is that treatment can help you prevent these problems. Keep your blood sugar under tight control, eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, dont smoke and keep your blood pressure and cholesterol levels low. If you do all of these things, your risk of complications can be cut by more than 75 percent.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.