Type 1 Diabetes

Monday, September 28, 2015

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. Dr. Edward Hill discusses this condition in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes, or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. The far more common type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesnt make enough insulin.

Insulin helps your body use the sugar it makes from the food you eat. Your body uses this sugar for energy. We need insulin to live. Without insulin, your blood sugar level goes up, you get thirsty and you urinate a lot.

People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to get heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, high blood pressure, blindness, nerve damage and gum disease. These things happen two to four times more often in people with diabetes than in people without diabetes.

The good news is that treatment can help you prevent these problems. Keep your blood sugar under tight control, eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, dont smoke and keep your blood pressure and cholesterol levels low.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.