Types of Burns

Monday, July 28, 2014

Burns are among the most excruciatingly painful physical injuries. Even a relatively minor burn can be intensely painful. Dr. Edward Hill discusses the different types of burns in todays 60 Second Housecall.

Dr. Hill:

You can get burned by heat and fire, radiation, sunlight, electricity or chemicals. There are three degrees of burns:

Thin or superficial burns, called first-degree burns, are red and painful. They may swell and turn white when you press on them. The skin over the burn may peel off.

Thicker burns, called superficial partial-thickness and deep partial-thickness burns, or second-degree burns, have blisters and are painful.

Full-thickness burns, also called third-degree burns, cause damage to all layers of the skin. The burned skin looks white or charred. These burns may cause little or no pain if nerves are damaged.

Superficial burns can take three to six days to heal. Superficial partial-thickness burns usually heal in less than three weeks and deep partial-thickness burns usually take more than three weeks. Full-thickness burns heal only at the edges by scarring without skin grafts. A skin graft is a very thin layer of skin that is cut from an unburned area and put on a badly burned area.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.