Uterine Fibroids

Tuesday, April 02, 2013

Many women are concerned when their physician tells them they have a uterine fibroid. What exactly is a fibroid and what needs to be done about it? Dr. Edward Hill discusses uterine fibroids in the 60 Second Housecall segment.

Dr. Hill:

Fibroids are typically benign growths arising from the muscular wall of the womb or uterus. They can grow as large as grapefruit size.

Fibroids occur in 25 to 30 percent of Caucasian women and in up to 50 percent of African American women. Most women have few symptoms from fibroids. Occasionally, the fibroids may cause excessive menstrual bleeding and abdominal pain. In less than one in one thousand women the fibroid will become malignant and develop into a sarcoma cancer.

There are three main types of uterine fibroids depending on their location. These include:

Serosal on the outside of the uterus

Intra-mural within the muscle wall of the uterus, and

Sub-mucosal on the inside lining of the uterus.

Fibroids often shrink when women go through menopause and estrogen levels drop. If the fibroid is causing abdominal pain and excessive bleeding, you may need treatment.

Treatment includes hormonal therapy, surgical removal or destruction of the fibroid from less invasive techniques.

For North Mississippi Medical Center, Im Dr. Edward Hill.